- 名词 (Noun)
- The inherent nature of a thing or idea.
- (philosophy) The true nature of anything, not accidental or illusory.
- Constituent substance.
- A being; especially, a purely spiritual being.
- A significant feature of something.
- The concentrated form of a plant or drug obtained through a distillation process.
- Fragrance, a perfume.
- "To call for the ayes and nays;" "The ayes have it."